cancer

[14] Cancer comes from Latin cancer, which meant literally ‘crab’. It was a translation of Greek karkínos ‘crab’, which, together with its derivative karkínōma (source of English carcinoma [18]) was, according to the ancient Greek physician Galen, applied to tumours on account of the crablike pattern formed by the distended blood vessels around the affected part. Until the 17th century, the term generally used for the condition in English was canker, which arose from an earlier borrowing of Latin cancer in Old English times; before then, cancer had been used exclusively in the astrological sense. The French derivative of Latin cancer, chancre, was borrowed into English in the 16th century for ‘syphilitic ulcer’. => CANKER, CARCINOMA

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cancer — A term for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control. Cancer cells can invade nearby tissues and can spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems. There are several main types of cancer. Carcinoma is cancer… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • Cáncer — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Cáncer (desambiguación). Cuando las células normales se lesionan o envejecen, mueren por apoptosis, pero las células cancerosas evitan la apoptosis. El cáncer es un conjunto de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • CANCER — Dans les organismes multicellulaires animaux ou végétaux, chaque cellule constitue une entité morphologiquement et fonctionnellement distincte mais qui est soumise à des mécanismes de contrôle et de régulation extrêmement rigoureux. En fait, sa… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • cáncer — m. oncol. Proceso maligno caracterizado por una pérdida de los mecanismos de control celular normales que conducen a: 1) una proliferación celular descontrolada, 2) ausencia de diferenciación, 3) tendencia a la invasión de los tejidos y los… …   Diccionario médico

  • Cancer — Can cer, n. [L. cancer, cancri, crab, ulcer, a sign of the zodiac; akin to Gr. karki nos, Skr. karka[.t]a crab, and prob. Skr. karkara hard, the crab being named from its hard shell. Cf. {Canner}, {Chancre}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) A genus of decapod… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cancer — CÁNCER, cancere, s.n. 1. Termen general care denumeşte diverse forme de tumori maligne ce se caracterizează printr o înmulţire excesivă a ţesuturilor unor organe; neoplasm, rac. 2. Boală a plantelor provocată de unele ciuperci şi bacterii… …   Dicționar Român

  • Cancer es-tu là ? — Épisode de Dr House Cancer es tu là ? Titre original Not cancer Épisode Saison 5 Épisode 2 Scénariste(s) Réalisateur Diagnosti …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cancer! — Cancer ! Cancer ! est une revue littéraire française fondée par Johann Cariou et Bruno Deniel Laurent en 2000 et auto dissoute en 2004. Sommaire 1 Les débuts de la revue 2 La vie de la revue 3 Polémiques …   Wikipédia en Français

  • cáncer — sustantivo masculino 1. Enfermedad caracterizada por un crecimiento anormal de las células que invaden y destruyen un órgano: cáncer de colon, cáncer de estómago, cáncer de piel. 2. Pragmática: intensificador. Problema social muy grave: La… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • cancer — CANCER. s. m. (On pronon. l R.) Espèce de tumeur maligne qui dégénère en ulcère, principalement au sein. Une femme qui a un cancer au sein. Arracher un cancer. Extirper un cancer. Elle a le sein tout rongé d un cancer.Cancer. s. masc. Un des… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • cancer — O.E. cancer spreading sore, cancer (also canceradl), from L. cancer a crab, later, malignant tumor, from Gk. karkinos, which, like the Modern English word, has three meanings: crab, tumor, and the zodiac constellation (late 14c. in English), from …   Etymology dictionary


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